WEEK 28, 08-14. July 1996
King Hassan loose trial against
newspaper Le Monde
Algeria and Mauritania
call for a referendum in Western Sahara
32th OUA Summit
Declaration of the Presidents
of Mali and Algeria
Worsening of the situation
King Hassan loose trial against newspaper Le Monde
The court estimed that the journalist who published the acticle titled
" A confidential report accuses Moroccan power of cannabis trade"
was completely sincere.
Algeria and Mauritania call for a referendum in Western Sahara
After a visit to Nouakchott of President Zeroual, Algeria and Mauritania
insist on the necessity of a selfdetermination referendum in Western Sahara,
in order to find a "fair and pacific solution".
King Hassan II of Morocco has said that his country will remain in Western
Sahara whether or not the self-determination referendum takes place there.
Speaking on the occasion of Youth Day, he said: "Whatever the circumstances
and whatever the surrounding conditions, whether there is a referendum or
not, if there is a referendum we would welcome it, but if not we are in
our Sahara, secure and peace-loving; but we will resist and fight if we
are attacked. But first and foremost, (we are) secure and peace-loving but
"Today our political liberties, union rights, the right to free speech
and expression, the right to public gatherings and freedom of movement are
guaranteed and practised," he added. The king, who has just celebrated
his 67th birthday, said he still planned to call a vote for a constitutional
amendment to split the parliament into two chambers to strengthen regional
representation in a new, lower house. A constitutional referendum is expected
in September or October.
32th OAU Summit
The President of SADR participated at the summit at Yaoundé and
made encounters with many chiefs of state and governmental delegations,
and also with Mr. Boutros Ghali. In his intervention at the plenary session
he repeated that the peace plan is essential to reach a fair and definitive
solution to the Western Sahara conflict. He repeated the disponibility of
the SADR government and the Polisario Front to begin negociations and direct
dialogue. SADR was elected to the vice-presidency of the OAU and in a commission
named " Mecanism of prevention of conflicts".
Morocco thanks Burkina Faso for its revocation of SADR recognition by
renewing economic cooperation and helping the organisation of the next franco-african
summit, taking place this year, with the gift of some 125 cars and funds
for the restoration of the airport... (Jeune Afrique )
Declaration of the Presidents of Mali and Algeria
The Presidents of Algeria and Mali reaffirmed after a meeting their
attachment to the UN-OAU-peace plan and appealed to realize it soon and
organize a fair and free selfdetermination referendum. They invited the
UN to take measures to bring the two parts to direct talks. They regrete
the withdrawal of MINURSO civil observers because it delays the application
of the peace plan.
Worsening of the situation
In a letter addressed to the Security Council, the Polisario Front regrets
the severe worsening of the situation in Western Sahara (for example the
intensification of repression in the occupated territories and the last
speech of the King of Morocco). The Polisario Front asks the Security Council
to take appropriate measures to bring back faith in the peace process. It
particularly protests against the repression in the occupied territories
and the lack of reactions of MINURSO.
- Hassan II, l'Europe et le Sahara, Ziegler
Jean, Le Nouvel Afrique Asie, No 82-83, juillet-août 1996, p.28
- La estrategia del alacrán, Peregil Francisco, El País,
30.06.96 (report from the liberated zones and interview from President Abdelaziz)
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