WEEK 20, 13-19.05.1996
U.N. SECRETARY-GENERAL's REPORT - SECURITY COUNCIL's DECISION
12 05 96
Memorandum about the Secretary-general's report
In a memorandum to the UN Security Council in response to UN Secretary-General
Boutros Boutros-Ghali's latest proposals on the status quo in the former
Spanish colony, Polisario has blamed Morocco and the United Nations for
the failure of the Western Sahara peace plan. Polisario stressed that the
stalemate in the Western Sahara peace plan was mainly due to Morocco' s
open opposition to a free and fair referendum in the region and the UN peacekeeping
forces' lack of firmness while supervising the implementation of the peace
The flat refusal of Rabat to the transparency's principle in the implementation
of the peace process was a critical and revealing factor of its negativ
behaviour. Rabat was firmly opposed to the publication of the lists of the
applicants, who were soon considered as beeing entitled to vote. This was
a U.N. decision of January
To maintain solely the cease-fire would be a caution to the occupation of
the territory and put the U.N. in a wrong position in comparison with its
vocation in matter of decolonization.
According to the Polisario Front, the U.N., in order to avoid a war, must:
recognize that the problem is a matter of decolonization
realize the transparency in the voters' identification,
call urgently for direct negociations,
show its will, not to hurt the rights of the Sahrawi people by unilateral
The Polisario Front notifies that the end of the peace process will conduct
to a major crisis, and that Morocco is the only responsible. It persists
to privilege a peaceful solution but is decided to defend its rights by
all means .
After beeing received by the Malian Minister of Foreign Affairs,
Mohamed Ould Salek, the Sahrawi Minister of State at the Presidency, declared
in Bamako that "He was here to brief the Malian authorities on the
situation prevailing in Western Sahara." "A new and very serious
situation is now developing in the subregion. Mali, Mauritania, Senegal
and Algeria, as well as all the countries of the subregion, all African
countries, are concerned".
The Security Council holds closed consultations about the last
report of Secretary-General concerning the situation in Western Sahara.
In a letter addressed to the president of the U.N. Security
Council, Mr. Mohamed Abdelaziz warned the United Nations that a proposal
to suspend registration of voters for a referendum in the disputed Western
Sahara could have serious consequences for the area. "A recent report
by Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali freezes any serious effort towards
a political solution to the conflict", Abdelaziz said in the letter.
He added that adoption of Boutros-Ghali's proposal could lead to "serious
and unpredictable consequences". "By proposing scaling down the
United Nations activities in the Western Sahara to a mere observation mission,
the report violates the political spirit under which the United Nations
operates," Abdelaziz added.
Human Rights Watch renews its concerns with U.N. operation
in Western Sahara.
In a letter
Human Rights Watch urges the Security Council to send human rights monitors
to the Western Sahara, because the withdrawal of the civilian component
of the MINURSO will lead to even greater human rights violations in the
It also calls on the Security Council to revitalize MINURSO by introducing
new leadership, as well as to investigate fundamental flaws in the referendum
process, that HRW has further identified (report
of October 1995).
Finally, HRW urges the Security Council to work for the release of political
prisoners and prisoners of war without further delay.
German Parliamentary Mission asks for exchange
of prisoners of war
After the trip in Morocco and Western Sahara, the president
of the German Parliamentary Mission, Mr. Brecht, SPD, asks cancelor H. Kohl
to convince king Hassan II of the necessity of an exchange of POWs. Mr.
Kohl will be on official visit in Morocco next month.
The Polisario Front announced to the German deputees its agreement for the
liberation of its prisoners, but it expects the same about its own combatants
jailed in Morocco. The Moroccan government was very reserved about the German
The deputy Hirsch (FDP) signalized to the German Foreign Minister that 2000
Moroccan POWs are detained by the Polisario. It is "an unacceptable
scandal" that those men are still jailed in spite of the ceasefire.
According to the Polisario Front, Morocco shows no interest to take home
its prisoners, it does not want to negociate with the Polisario. According
to Morocco, where about one hundred of Sahrawis are detained, the exchange
should take place just before the referendum (Frankfurter Allgemeine,
The "Agadir's Six" (Keltoum Lounat and five young
Sahrawis, who were sentenced to 20 years in prison for participation to
a peacefull demonstration in Smara in 1992, have been pardoned by Hassan
II. The pardon has been notifiied to the ICRC by the Moroccan government.
Amnesty international has been pleased with this liberation.
The eight young Sahrawis, who were sentenced in June 1995 to
15 to 20 years of prison, sentences which Hassan II reduced to one year,
came out of jail . (AFP, Rabat).
The three MINURSO identification offices of Dakhla, Boujdour
and Smara (Western Sahara) and the office of Nouadhibou (Mauritania) have
- Rapport du Secrétaire général sur la situation
concernant le Sahara occidental S/1996/343, 08.05.1996, 9 p.
- Liberté, j'écris ce mot sur le sable !
L'éducation dans les camps de réfugiés sahraouis,
Perregaux Christiane, Nouvelles de la section suisse-romande de la Société
pour les peuples menacés, avril 1996, pp. 8-11.
- Les oubliés du Maroc, Daure-Serfaty Christine,
- Austausch von Gefangenen gefordert, Frankfurter Allgemeine,
Frankfurt a. M. , 04.05.96
- Grand jeu pour Hassan II, Vadrot Cl.-M., Le Journal du
- Les très timides progrès des droits de l'homme,
Tardrew Catherine, Le Parisien, 06.05.96
- Les opposants protestent, Le Parisien, 06.05.96
- Tapis rouge pour Hassan II à Paris, Smith Stephen,
- La France veut redonner du "dynamisme" à ses
relations avec le Maroc, Simon C., Le Monde, 07.05.96
- En dépit de critiques virulentes, la France reçoit
le roi du Maroc, un partenaire politique de tout premier plan, Decraene
Philippe, 24 heures (Lausanne, CH), Tribune de Genève, 07.05.96
- Les habits neufs de Hassan II, July Serge, Libération,
- Le Maghreb en privation de libertés, Simon C.,
Le Monde, 08.05.96
- La France va aider le Maroc à lutter contre la culture
du cannabis, Courtois G. et M. Noblecourt, Le Monde, 09.05.96
- Quand les Sahraouis parlent d'intifada, Smith Stephen,
- Charter de la solidarité, Dubois Simone et Boegli
Laurence, Gauche Hebdo, Genève, 09.05.96, p. 4
- "Forgotten" Victims Languish In Tussle Over Western
Sahara, Huband Mark, The Christian Science Monitor, 10.05.96
- Maroc: Hassan II prépare l'alternance, Verdonnet
J.-F., 24 heures, Lausanne, 11.05.96
- Die Uno wirft das Handtuch, sda/dpa, Der Bund, 11.05.96
- Kapitulation vor Hassan, Luethi Walter, Der Bund, 11.05.96
- Le coeur et la raison. Hassan II à Paris, Pigasse
Jean-Paul, Jeune Afrique, 15.05.96, pp. 21-24
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