WEEK 34, 19-25.08.1996


Arbitrary emprisonment
Government delegation expected in W.S.
Report of the UN Secretary-General
Arbitrary imprisonment

The Moroccan H.R. organization OMDH denounces in a press release that eight young Sahrawis, after having accomplished their penalties to one year prison in Sale, have been maintained in jail for other three months. The organization demands an inquiry in order to determine the responsibilities of this "arbitrary imprisonment, punishable by law". It claimed vainly explanations by the penitentiary's administration.

Government delegation expected in W. S.

A Moroccan government delegation led by Interior Minister Driss Basri will visit the disputed Western Sahara next week to talk to the young unemployed Sahrawis, the official MAP news agency said. The young Sahrawis staged a six-day peaceful demonstration in Rabat earlier this month to press for jobs and social benefits. They ended their protest after a meeting with Basri, who promised to meet them later in Western Sahara. The visit will coincide with the preparations throughout the country for the referendum on the constitution reforms set for September 13, an official said. The referendum will also take place in the Western Sahara provinces, he said.

Report of the UN Secretary-General on Western Sahara (document S/1996/674)

In application of the last resolution of the Security council, Mr. Boutros-Ghali publishes his report on the results of his efforts to find an issue to the deadlock of the peace plan. The political office in charge of the contacts with the parties and the neighbour states Algeria and Mauritania has been opened under direction of Mr. Erik Jensen. His first contacts have not been successfull. The members of the identification committee have lost the region. The archives have been transported to Geneva. The report mentions the determination of the Polisario military commanders to resume war if no progress is made until November 30th, date of the end of MINURSO's mandate.
The independent jurist, Mr. Roucounas, was in July in Morocco to submit to the Moroccan authorities an unofficial list of presumed political prisoners. According to Morocco a great number of the mentioned persons were unknown, others were still liberated or deceeded and a little number was with the Polisario Front. The Moroccan authorities exprimed its agreement to discuss about an official list, established by the independent jurist, based on exact elements transmitted by Polisario and submitted officially to the Moroccan authorities by the UN. Mr. Roucounas has also met the representatives of the Polisario which has announced to be disposed to contribute to the work of the independent jurist. Mr. Roucounas will reach the Tindouf region on 24.08.96. A quick release of the POWs for humanitarian reasons is actually on study.
The Secretary-General says the current deadlock could be broken and progress achieved only when both parties recognised that identification is a scrupulous process based on clear principles. There had not been much progress and he appeals to the parties to demonstrate flexibility and to cooperate with his Acting Special Representative, Erik Jensen, in his efforts to help them find a solution to their differences. The Secretary-General calls on both sides to uphold the ceasefire so long as efforts continued to seek a solution to the current deadlock.



Secretary-general report on the situation concerning Western Sahara, S/1996/674, August 20, 1996, 8 p.

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