WEEK 51, 18-24.12.1995

In a news conference Mr. Boutros-Ghali considers Algeria, after its interventions to the Security Council, as party to the dispute over Western Sahara . He claims that the three parties to the conflict, Algeria, Polisario and Morocco, "favoured continuation of the U. N. presence there and pressure for a pullout was coming from Security Council members".
Morocco has always considered the Western Sahara conflict as a bilateral problem between Algeria and Morocco and refused to recognize the Polisario Front and to discuss with.

Security Council Resolution S/1033/1995
After many weeks of discussions about the proposals of Mr. Boutros-Ghali to accelerate the identification process, the Security Council adopted unanimously a new resolution (S/1033/1995). It differs from the draft resolution presented in November, which was contested by the Polisario Front as party to the conflict, by the Organisation of African Unity as settlement plan co-author, and also by the neighbourstate Algeria as official settlement plan observer.
In its resolution the Security Council considers the last report of the Secretary-General as "a useful framework", but does not approach the problems of the contested voter identification procedures. It wellcomes his decision to intensify his consultations with the two parties and requests to report to the Council on the results of those consultations on an urgent basis. In the event those consultations fail to reach agreement it requests to provide the Council with options for its considerations, including a programme for the orderly withdrawal of the MINURSO.

The ICRC, The International Committee of Red Cross, visited 720 of the 1900 prisoners of war detained by the Polisario Front.

The Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs A. Filali reveals the content of a letter he sent to the Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs. He qualified the Algerian intervention to the Security Council (letter of Minister Dembri of 6.12.95) as a "new revearsal". For the Moroccan government Algeria changed fundamentally its further position: from its part as observer it passed to a party to the conflict. Consequently Morocco requests Algeria, as president of the Arab Maghreb Union, to freeze the activities of this organization.

The Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs, M. S. Dembri, answers Minister Filali. In his letter he reiterates the Algerian position about the Western Sahara conflict, which never changed and is ethically founded on the internationally recognized right of self determination of the Sahrawi people. He also explains that he transmitted, according to the AMU Treaty, the Moroccan request of freezing the activities of this organization to the other three partners of the AMU.

Statement of the African National Congress
The ANC National Executive Committee met in Johannesburg from 8-9 December 1995. The NEC expressed its solidarity with the people of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). The NEC also expressed full support for President Nelson Mandela letter to SADR President Abdelaziz on the decision of South Africa to establish diplomatic relations between our two countries. The timing of the implementation of this decision was delayed at the request of UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros Ghali, in the light of an impending referendum in that territory, due in January next year.
The NEC is deeply concerned at the lack of progress in the process leading to this referendum. The ANC will closely and continuously monitor the situation with the view to contributing to a lasting solution within the framework of the principle of the right to self-determination. The NEC calls for every effort to be made for free and fair conditions for the holding of a referendum.

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